8-year-old child has diabetes
Most people regard diabetes as a senile disease, but now there are many young people suffering from diabetes, and it is not uncommon for children to suffer from diabetes. On November 14th is Diabetes Day, experts from Shandong University Qilu Children's Hospital told reporters that they had admitted four children with diabetes in the last month alone, and there were only one or two in the past year. This situation has to arouse the attention of parents. NS. Case] u200bu200bThe high blood sugar was detected after the child was poisoned. 'The child was in shock when he first arrived.' Talking about a child with diabetes who was admitted recently, Liang Xiangrong, an endocrinologist at Qilu Children's Hospital of Shandong University, still has lingering fears. He said that the patient is an eight-year-old child who lives in Lashan. When playing outside on weekends, he suddenly felt stomach pain and nausea. An investigation found that the child's blood sugar was abnormally high, and he was diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis. 'I was sent to the intensive care unit very quickly. If it is not treated in time, it will even be life-threatening.' According to reports, the child is fatter and has a history of diabetes in the family, but the family has not cared about it. The child has already had abnormal blood sugar. And this is just one of the 4 children with diabetes treated by Liang Xiangrong last month. Liang Xiangrong, who has been engaged in endocrinology diagnosis and treatment and research work for many years, said with emotion: 'In the past few years, there were only one or two children with diabetes in a year, but now there are several in one month.' Hidden worry] Parents generally don't think of checking their children's blood sugar. Many children suffer from diabetes. Liang Xiangrong said that medicine cannot clearly explain the specific causes of diabetes. The onset of diabetes is often caused by many factors. There are genetic problems, or it may be caused by cell destruction caused by cold infections. . According to reports, although type 1 diabetes is still the main type of diabetes in children at present, due to autoimmune system defects or genetic factors, the cells that produce insulin in the body are completely damaged, thus completely losing the function of producing insulin. However, the number of children with type 2 diabetes caused by obesity and other reasons has also increased a lot. 'Recently, I have seen 3 children with diabetes. This is very rare before, almost none.' Liang Xiangrong said, this is mainly because children are generally over-nutrition and lack of exercise. 'Look at the small children nowadays. How fat are you!” What’s more dangerous for children with diabetes is that parents often don’t think that children will develop diabetes when they are so young, and children’s physical examinations generally do not check blood sugar, so it is usually when children have acute complications. Only discovered when. Reminder] Parents of children with polyuria and polydipsia should pay attention to it. 'The symptoms of diabetes in children are often not obvious, so many parents are not aware of it.' Liang Xiangrong said. Therefore, she reminded parents to pay close attention to their children's physical condition. The onset of diabetes in children is mostly rapid. Within a few days, they may suddenly show obvious polyuria and polydipsia. The daily drinking volume and urine volume can reach several liters. They eat more but lose weight. Young people often have enuresis and weight loss as the main manifestations. 'Furthermore, if the child is fatter and has a family history of diabetes, the child should be examined as soon as possible.' Liang Xiangrong said that among the patients she received, there were several children who were found in this way. If the child is really diagnosed with diabetes, parents must pay attention to the child’s diet, let the child drink as little or no beverages as possible, eat more vegetables, avoid overeating, and control weight; at the same time, strengthen physical exercise to enhance physical fitness. Strictly control blood sugar in this way, otherwise it may not only affect the child's development, but also various serious complications may occur over time. Diabetes can also eat fruits. Experts said that for diabetic patients, if the blood sugar level is relatively stable, you can eat some fruits in moderation, but you must pay attention to control the amount of food. Zhao Limei, head of the Public Health Department of Jinan Fourth People's Hospital, said that the types of sugar contained in fruits are different, including sucrose, fructose, etc., among which the metabolism of fructose does not require insulin, so fruits with high fructose can be eaten by diabetic patients; in addition, different The sugar content of fruits is also very different. Diabetes patients should be treated differently: the first type is fruits with lower sugar content, that is, the sugar content in every 100 grams of fruit is less than 10 grams. For example, rambutan, oranges, pears, lemons, grapefruits, peaches, pineapples, plums, apricots, strawberries, cherries, loquats, etc. You can eat some appropriately. The second is the fruit that diabetic patients should choose carefully, that is, the sugar content in 100 grams of fruit is between 11-20 grams. Such fruits include lychees, mangoes, apples, oranges, pomegranates, bananas, etc. The third type is fruits with more than 20 grams of sugar in 100 grams of fruit. Including red dates, cantaloupe, Laiyang pears, red Fuji apples, Feicheng peaches, rose muscat grapes, etc. 'This kind of fruit should not be eaten by diabetic patients.' 'Fruit products such as dried dates, candied dates, raisins, dried persimmons, dried fruits, etc., because they contain very little water, even a small amount of consumption will consume too much sugar, so diabetics should not eat them,' Zhao Limei reminded.